GMO REGULATIONS IN SWEDEN
WEBSITE OF THE AUTHORITIES RESPONSIBLE FOR THE REGULATIONS OF ACTIVITITES INVOLVING GMOs

Who does what?

This page explains which authority is responsible for a certain field of activity, according to the Swedish Environmental Code.

Contained use

The Swedish Environmental Code defines contained use as "an activity in which organisms are genetically modified, cultured, stored, transported, destroyed, disposed of or used in any other way, and for which specific containment measures are used to limit their contact with the public and the environment and provide a high degree of security for the public and the environment" (chapter 13, section 5).

Genetically Modified Organisms

Responsible Authority

Micro-oganisms including cell cultures of higher organisms Work Environment Authority
Aquatic organisms other than micro-organisms The Swedish agency for marine and water management
Other organisms Board of Agriculture

Deliberate release

The Environmental Code defines deliberate release as "intentional introduction of genetically modified organisms into the environment without such containment measures as are mentioned in section 5" (chapter 13, section 6).

Genetically Modified Organisms

Responsible Authority

Medical products Medical Product Agency
Micro-organisms, nematodes, insects and arachnids Chemicals Agency
Aquatic organisms The Swedish agency for marine and water management
Forest trees intended for timber production Board of Forestry
Other organisms (e.g. plants) Board of Agriculture

Placing on the market

The Environmental Code defines the expression "placing on the market" as "supplying or making a product available to the third parties" (chapter 13, section 7).

Product that contains or is produced from genetically modified organisms

Responsible Authority

Feed Board of Agriculture
Food Food Administration
Medical products Medical Product Agency
Micro-organisms, nematodes, insects and arachnids Chemicals Agency
Aquatic organisms The Swedish agency for marine and water management
Forest trees intended for timber production Board of Forestry
Other organisms (e.g. plants) Board of Agriculture

Unintentional transboundary movements

Notification on an occurrence that leads or may lead to an unintentionally transboundary movement of a  genetically modified organism shall be given to the responsible authority.

Genetically Modified Organisms

Responsible Authority

Micro-organisms, nematodes, insects and arachnids Chemicals Agency
Aquatic organisms The Swedish agency for marine and water management
Forest trees Board of Forestry
Other organisms (e.g. plants) Board of Agriculture

General issues

A particular institution called the Swedish Gene Technology Advisory Board monitors the developments in the field of gene technology (including ethical aspects) and provides advice on its use.

The National Environmental Protection Agency plays a general role through advising other authorities on matters such as deliberate release or placing on the market. This Agency also provides advice on how to design regulations of activities concerning genetically modified organisms. The authority is also the focal point for the clearing house mechanism placed under the Biosafety Protocol.

The Swedish Civil Contíngencies Agency is the administrative authority responsible for issues regarding overland transport of genetically modified organisms and micro organisms that are classified as dangerous goods.