In accordance with the regulation on transboundary movements of genetically modified organisms, (EC) No 1946/2003, a permit for the movement of genetically modified organisms to a country outside the EU must be applied for in the country of import.
Exporters of GMOs must comply with the rules of the regulation. Various supervisory authorities monitor the compliance within their areas of competence.
Exporters must comply with, among other things, the following rules:
1) GMOs intended for deliberate release into the environment:
a. The exporter shall notify, in writing, the competent authority of the importing country before the first export takes place.
b. If the importing party has not made its decision known within 270 days, the exporter shall send a written reminder to the competent authority of the importing party. Copies of this reminder shall be sent to the EC Commission, the Secretariat of the Protocol on Biosafety, and to the competent authority in Sweden.
2) GMOs intended for direct use as food or feed, or for processing:
a. The exporter shall comply with the importer´s decisions on GMO imports. Information about an importing country´s decisions on imports can be obtained via the Biosafety Clearing-House (please see link in the right-hand column).
3) GMOs intended for contained use:
a. If the importing country has norms for GMO imports, these shall be complied with.
In addition to the above, all exported GMOs shall be accompanied by documentation. The exporter has an obligation to make sure that this information is transmitted to the importer. The exporter shall also, through the Biosafety Clearing-House, obtain information about whether transit countries have special rules regarding transit of GMOs. If there are such rules, the exporter shall comply with them.