A 'deliberate release' is defined in the Swedish Environmental Code as any intentional introduction of genetically modified organisms into the environment without containment, e.g. a field trial. Before a deliberate release takes place, consent must be obtained from the competent supervisory authority.
Before a GMO can be deliberately released into the environment a consent has to be obtained. Decisions on consents for deliberate releases in Sweden, and the conditions to be attached to them, are made by the relevant Swedish authorities:
- The Swedish agency for marine and water management deals with applications concerning aquatic genetically modified organisms.
- The Swedish Chemicals Agency processes applications relating to genetically modified micro-organisms, nematodes, arachnids and insects.
- The Medical Products Agency handles applications regarding medicines containing or consisting of genetically modified organisms.
- The National Board of Forestry deals with applications relating to genetically modified forest trees intended for timber production.
- The Swedish Board of Agriculture handles applications concerning other genetically modified organisms, e.g. plants and animals.